By MAARS Director Roger J. Hunka
Source: Netawek Ikjikum Vol. 7 – Issue 7 August 2011
The Strategic Plan for the Decade of Biodiversity 2011-2020, announced in Nagoya, Japan during the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 10), is a 10 year framework of urgent goals and action targets for all countries and stakeholders to undertake to save biodiversity, sustainably use biodiversity and equally share in the benefits of Biodiversity for all people “Living in Harmony with Nature.”
Reproduced within this issue of Netawek Ikjikum (see Netawek Ikjikum Newsletter PDF – Page 11) are the twenty (20) Aichi Biodiversity Targets. These twenty (20) targets were developed to meet five strategic goals:
Strategic Goal A:
Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society. Strategic Goal A includes Four (4) Targets: Target 1, Target 2, Target 3, and Target 4.
Strategic Goal B:
Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use. Strategic Goal B includes six (6) Targets: Target 5, Target 6, Target 7, Target 8, Target 9, and Target 10.
Strategic Goal C:
Improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity. Strategic Goal C includes three (3) Targets: Target 11, Target 12, and Target 13.
Strategic Goal D:
Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services. Strategic Goal D includes three (3) Targets: Target 14, Target 15, and Target 16.
Strategic Goal E:
Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building. Strategic Goal E includes four (4) Targets: Target 17, Target 18, target 19, and Target 20.
The Maritime Aboriginal Peoples Council has followed international developments leading to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 1992. The CBD, in measure, reflects the international community’s growing concern over the unprecedented loss of biological diversity. Human destruction of biodiversity has inspired negotiations for a legally binding instrument aimed at reversing this alarming trend. The negotiations were also strongly influenced by the growing recognition throughout the world of the need for the “fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.”
These three (3) key objectives of the Convention: “the conservation of biological diversity”, “the sustainable use of its components”, and the “fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources” are embodied within the 42 articles, and two (2) annexes of the CBD.
The CBD is the first global comprehensive agreement to address all aspects of biological diversity: genetic resources, species, and ecosystems. It recognizes – for the first time – that the conservation of biological diversity is “a common concern of humankind” and an integral part of the development process. In 2002, the international community at the United Nations World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, South Africa, 26 August-4 September 2002), for the first time in UN history, adopted the unqualified term “Indigenous Peoples” and the “vital role” which Indigenous Peoples have in sustainable development in its official political declaration:
“We reaffirm the vital role of Indigenous Peoples in sustainable development.”
Since the introduction and adoption of the CBD, concerted efforts on the element of Access and Benefits Sharing (ABS) did not begin until 1998 when a “regionally balanced expert panel on Access and Benefit Sharing” was established at the 4th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 4), in May 1998 in Bratislava, Slovakia.
At COP 10, on October 29, 2010 in Nagoya, Japan, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising From Their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted. (See the article in this issue “Highlight Summary on the first meeting of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol to the Convention on Biological Diversity” on Page 11)
When we look at the five (5) strategic goals and the twenty (20) targets to be met within the decade “Living in Harmony with Nature 2011-2020” we clearly see the need to do something to help humanity reach the collective vision:
“By 2050, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining ecosystem services, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering benefits essential for all people.”
Humanity must go forward and see the real world of Earth, Water, Rock, Fire and Biodiversity by tearing off the veil that blurs vision about progress and development, under which we presently live. We must begin to see clearly our need to “Live in Harmony with Nature”. We cannot separate ourselves from biodiversity or the planet Earth.
For our part the Maritime Aboriginal Aquatic Resources Secretariate (MAARS) of the Maritime Aboriginal Peoples Council (MAPC) and IKANAWTIKET have determined to focus our efforts on:
Strategic Goal B: Target 6
“By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.”
Strategic Goal D: Target 14
“By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities and the poor and vulnerable.”
Strategic Goal E: Target 18
“By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, at all relevant levels.”
Throughout our work in the coming years, the results of our efforts on these targets will be shared with our community and our readers in future issues of Netawek Ikjikum and Mawqatmuti’kw.